I'm a sleep expert and here's how to cure jet lag
I’m a sleep expert and here’s how to cure jet lag – and why flying west is less tiring than going east
- Prof Leon Lack from Australia’s Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health shares his tips
- The expert warns against taking a midday nap and using light therapy instead
- READ MORE: The science of airline food – Dishes that should NEVER be served
Jetting off to a faraway paradise often comes at a price – soul-sapping jet lag.
But luckily, science has a cure.
Meet jet-lag guru Professor Leon Lack, a sleep expert from Flinders University in Adelaide, Australia, who here reveals why flying west is best and east is worst, and the dream ticket for banishing jet-lag gloom – light therapy.
Tips – let there be light
Sleep expert Professor Leon Lack is pictured here with his light therapy ‘Re-timer’ glasses, which ‘are helpful for overcoming jet lag’
Prof Lack says that the ‘strongest tool’ when it comes to readjusting your body clock is ‘bright light’.
He explains: ‘Jet lag can be overcome more quickly after westward flights by visual exposure to light (white or blue/green-biased light) in the late afternoon and evening.
‘If the destination is experiencing sunny weather then outdoor light up until sundown is helpful. In more wintry earlier sunset times of year then a source of bright blue/green light would be helpful.
‘For example, we have developed a portable light therapy device helpful for overcoming jet lag.’
The device is called Re-Timer, light-therapy glasses that, according to the dedicated website for them, ‘bring the sunshine inside when there simply isn’t enough natural light in those long winter months’.
Prof Lack says melatonin can be useful too and suggests taking a low dose (0.5mg to 1mg) of ‘quick release melatonin’ when you want to go to sleep.
This can serve ‘both as a mild sedative, without side effects, as well as help to retime your clock to the new destination’, he explains.
He adds: ‘Sleeping tablets will probably not sedate more than the melatonin and they have no direct body clock retiming effect and if taken over a week can have withdrawal sleep disturbance effects.’
What to avoid
Professor Lack says that after arriving at your destination you should ‘get active and out into the sun for the first few days’
QANTAS JET-LAG LOUNGES
To help passengers recover from jet lag, Qantas has introduced jet-lag-orientated lounges.
‘Among the strategies already being put into effect, for passengers on Qantas’s longest journey, the Perth to London flight, there’s light therapy at the passenger lounges to help guests acclimatise to the new time zone,’ the airline said.
‘An outdoor area encourages guests to step outside to soak up some vitamin D, and there’s a Wellness Studio in the lounge where guests can take stretching classes.’
A Qantas spokesperson said: ‘We have also adjusted our lounge and inflight menu offering to incorporate lighter dishes and plant-based dishes alongside the traditional menu items.’
Prof Lack says: ‘Be careful about taking a midday nap after the flight to catch up on “lost sleep” on the flight.
‘It might turn into an eight-hour-long sleep across the day and being wide awake at midnight.
‘Better to get active and out into the sun for the first few days.
‘Some loss of sleep on the plane will not impair your health – do avoid driving if sleepy.
‘Save your sleepiness for the destination nighttime.’
Why going east is more tiring
Most people have a night-owl body clock that follows a 24.5-hour day, slightly longer than the standard 24-hour sun-up, sun-down rhythm, explains Dr Kieran Seyan on the Lloyds Pharmacy Online Doctor site.
This ‘delay’ means that travelling east over multiple timezones means forcing the body to fall into an earlier sleep pattern, which it generally protests more strongly about.
For example, says Dr Seyan, if a passenger takes off in London at 7am and flies for 11 hours to Tokyo, for that passenger upon landing it’s 6pm London time. So time for dinner and then bed.
But in Tokyo, it’s 2am the following day, so the passenger has effectively arrived in the middle of the night.
‘Most people take a day or three to adjust to that change,’ Prof Lack said.
Going west – why it’s not quite as tiring
Professor Lack says: ‘Flying in a westward direction across time zones requires delaying the body clock in order to synchronise with the destination clock and be sleeping when everyone else does and be available for work or play when others in the destination are also doing so.
‘Since most people’s body clocks naturally delay given the opportunity or encouragement, they will overcome jet lag from a westward time zone shift more quickly and this will be especially true for evening types.’
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